Oral prevention and hygiene

Oral prevention and hygiene

What is preventive dentistry?

Preventive dentistry is the branch of dentistry dedicated to maintaining oral health by avoiding caries, gingival and periodontal diseases and up to prevent the local or general complex complications, of bacterial or functional causes.

Oral hygiene

There are multiple forms of prevention that results in maintaining dental and oral health, such as correct brushing, washing your teeth at least twice a day, use of dental floss, mouthwash and oral irrigator, a balanced diet or correct chew.

Toothbrushes (or the changing heads of the electric toothbrush) should be changed 3-4 times a year or whenever their brushes begin to show signs of use. Patients with orthodontic braces, both adults and children, should pay extra attention to hygiene measures during orthodontic treatment.

Children should be taught correctly, even from a very early age, about the basics of oral hygiene, correct brushing or tongue washing. Also, the parents must strictly follow the scheme of general and/ or local fluoridation recommended by the dentist or pediatrician (such schemes are specific to countries/ regions depending on several criteria, such as the reference level for fluoride in water from that country / region).

Also, a regular control and a professional teeth cleaning twice per year or at dentist instructions maintain a proper oral hygiene and prevent further complications or problems.

Local fluoridation

Local fluoridation is another effective method of caries prevention. Is a non-invasive method and it can complement or replace in certain situations the systemic fluoridation. The gel local applied is designed to additionally mineralize the enamel and reduce tooth sensitivity.

Local fluoridation

Teeth sealing is the most efficient and non-invasive current method of caries prevention for children and adolescents. The technique is very simple and can often be a way to befriend a doctor with the young patient. It is a painless technique that does not require local anesthesia. Sealing involves covering of grooves and occlusal fosses with special material (sealant) activated by LED lamp. Most often, this material has the ability of passive release of fluoride ions to the adjacent surfaces. The integrity of sealed surfaces is checked at future control session regular and it is replaced/ completed if necessary.

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